Black voters in the states of North Carolina and Virginia are taking their claim that the redistricting in their states was racially discriminatory to the Supreme Court on Monday.
According to The Associated Press,
The claim made by black voters in both states is that Republicans packed districts with more reliably Democratic black voters than necessary to elect their preferred candidates, making neighboring districts whiter and more Republican.
A lower court agreed with the challengers in North Carolina that two majority-black congressional districts were unconstitutional because their maps relied too heavily on race. The state appealed to the Supreme Court, arguing in part that it made districting decisions based on partisan politics, not race.
The Plaintiffs in the cases will reportedly argue that the Voting Rights Act was abused by Republican lawmakers in order to reorganize electoral districts as a means of favoring Republican candidates. This, in effect, limited black voters. However, legislators from both North Carolina and Virginia claim nothing of the sort occurred. According to them, the redistricting were legal under the Voting Rights Act as a means of preserving districts where black voters are a majority.
The two conflicting accounts of the gerrymandering in these Supreme Court cases could have a significant impact on views on how electoral maps are constructed based on race. Following widespread discontent in regards to the results of the 2016 presidential election in states where Trump won the electoral vote, this is an issue that must be resolved.